Monday, March 26, 2012

The Coming of the Bride and the Groom

[To the chief Musician upon Shoshan'nim, for the sons of Korah, Maskil, A Song of loves]

1 My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.

3 Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.

4 And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.

5 Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.

6 Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.

7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

8 All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.

9 Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.

10 Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;

11 So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him.

12 And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour.

13 The king's daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.

14 She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.

15 With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king's palace.

16 Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.

17 I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.

—Psalm 45 KJV Bible

This is a royal wedding psalm. In the song, the psalmist praises the king, encourages and describes the bride, and pronounces a benediction. Biblical scholars have noted that this wedding song foreshadows the future wedding of God’s Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, to His bride, the church.

We do not know who wrote the psalm or the name of the king being married. It might be David’s son Solomon, or perhaps a later king.

The psalm superscription says to present the psalm on the " Shoshan'nim"—Hebrew, meaning lilies. While it is not certain, this is possibly the name of a musical instrument or the name of a wedding tune to be used with the text.

The superscription states that this is a “maskil”—Hebrew, meaning “a hedge.” In the context of the psalms, it is thought to mean either a contemplative or teaching psalm, or a psalm written in a clever way. Thirteen psalms are described as "maskils." they include 32, 42, 44, 45, 52-55, 74, 78, 88, 89 and 142.
The superscription also states it is for the "sons of Korah." The three sons of Korah—Assir, Elkanan and Abiasaph—were loyal to God (Exodus 6:24; Numbers 26:11). The descendants of these were also described as the "sons of Korah." Some later became singers in the Temple choir (2 Chronicles 20:19). Twelve of the psalms (42-49, 84-85, 87-88) are specifically dedicated to the "sons of Korah," possibly because of their musicality, or possibly as a reference to those who remain faithful to God even in the most difficult times.

In verses 1 through 9, the psalmist praises the king. In verse 1, the psalmist describes their emotions using the Hebrew "rachash," meaning to stir, gush, or to overflow. It is sometimes translated as “inditing” or “overflowing.” The psalmist is saying that their heart overflows with love in composing this song for the king. In verse 6, the psalmist describes the king as "God"—likely a royal hyperbole, or extravagant exaggeration, of the king. In verse 7, the psalmist references the true "God" who anointed the king to lead the people. The writer of the Letter to the Hebrews noted how this passage is a prophetic reference to Jesus Christ (Hebrews 1:8-9). In verse 9, the psalmist mentions gold from "Ophir," a port or region mentioned in the Old Testament, famous for its wealth.

In verses 10 through 12, the psalmist encourages the bride to forget her home and her past. She should only think of the king, who loves her, and their future together.

In verses 13 through 15, the psalmist describes the beauty of the bride. Her gown is woven with gold and her attendants are coming with her.

In verses 16 through 17, the psalmist pronounces a benediction. The children of the wedding couple will rule throughout the land and the nations will praise the couple forever.

Father, I thank You for Your love. I praise You for Your faithfulness. And I look forward to the day when your Son returns to take His bride.


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